The blacksmith. Our blacksmith uses a forge where he puts the hot charcoal to soften the metal, using an anvil, hammer, punches and other tools to shape it. This system was used for making gates and railings, keys, latches, pulleys, horseshoes, shields, cutlery, etc.
The turner. The lathe was vital for shaping cylindrical or conical pieces of wood. The lathe quickly spins the item, thanks to the simple rocking motion of the turner’s foot, who shapes the piece into the desired form using gouges and files.
The chandler. Candles are made by starting with tight cords that are repeatedly dipped in a container holding wax melted in a hot oven. Layers of wax are built up in this way until the artisan attains the desired thickness.
The potter. Clay is the raw material for the potter’s work, and is fired to make it hard and waterproof. It is used for making pitchers, jugs, cooking pots and the famous “siurells”, probably the best known example of popular Majorcan crafts.
The weaver. Mechanical looms were used for making cloth, known as “de llista”, for everyday use that was widely used in Majorca at the turn of the last century. Another technique for working with fabrics is lacework (”randa”), that spread across Western Europe in the Renaissance. Beautiful lace is made based on linen, wool, silk, silver or gold, either using a crochet hook, hand-tied knots or a bobbin.
The carpenter. Alongside clay, wood was the most widely used craft material in Majorca. The guild of carpenters had great power for centuries. During your visit to La Granja de Esporles you will have the chance to see the methods of these artisans up close.
Esparto workers. Weaving plant fibres is as old as humankind itself and their uses are infinite. The most widely used fibres in Majorca have traditionally been fan palm, reed, bulrush, esparto grass, pita fibre, hemp and asphodel.
Shoemakers. The Honourable Guild of Shoemakers was founded in 1370 through a charter of legitimacy granted by King Peter III the Ceremonious, and this sector is still of great importance for the island’s economy. At La Granja de Esporles you can watch shoes and sandals being made in front of your very eyes, as well as an exhibition of tools and machinery used by the master artisans over the centuries.